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From Canterbury to Walmer Kent has a long list of famous and beautiful castles rich in history. The historic sites range from Norman and medieval ruins to grand and spectacular estates surrounded by moats and stunning gardens. Families can enjoy days out in all weathers at the castles , from exploring the interior, strolling around the gardens, and learning more about the history through re-enactments. We have compiled a list of 17 spectacular castles you can visit in the county so you know exactly where to head for your next family day out. The ruined Norman castle, which was begun by William the Conqueror in , is one of the most ancient in Britain. The castle became a ruin in the 17th century after it was constructed as one of the three royal castles in Kent in the reign of Henry I It became a prison in the 14th century as it became overshadowed by the bigger fortifications in Dover.

Over a long time the castle fell into a poor state of repair because the vassals did not carry out the necessary work. One exception was the period of Henry of the Horst, who died in In the castle was captured by French troops after a nine-month siege.

The castle was badly damaged by shelling.

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In the French withdrew, but occupied the castle again during the War of the Spanish Succession that began in In the castle was taken over by Electoral Cologne forces and the area became unsafe. For this reason Prince Elector Joseph Clemens of Bavaria had the walls blown up in with the agreement of the villagers.

Since then the castle has been a ruin. Reusable materials such as wood and stone were used as construction materials for the rebuilding of the district house Amtshaus at the foot of the castle hill.

The comital family named themselves after the river Ahrwhose surrounding area they owned. Members of the family include:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ruins of the castle house of the Gymnicher Porz with the remains of the chimney. In: Kreisverwaltung Ahrweiler publ. Hidden categories: Coordinates on Wikidata Articles containing German-language text.

Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. Cebuano Deutsch Esperanto Nederlands Edit links. Occupied between the 14th and 17th centuries, what remains of Hapton Castle stands on a small 30m x 40m oval platform surrounded on two sides by a substantial moat. The castle is thought to have comprised a stone tower keep surrounded by either a stone or wooden wall.

The castle remained the seat of the Lords of Hapton untilalthough it was still inhabited in Hapton was in ruins bywith most of the stone structure robbed out by Usually free and open access at any reasonable time. Hartshill Castle, Warwickshire Owned by: Scheduled Ancient Monument Remains of 12th century motte with ruins of 14th century curtain wall.

An earth and timber Norman motte and bailey castle was built on this site by Hugh de Hardreshull in After Robert de Hartshill was killed at the Battle of Evesham inthe castle fell into disuse. It was rebuilt in stone by John de Hardreshull in A more comfortable timber-framed Tudor manor house was added within the castle walls by the Parker family during the 16th century. On privately owned land with no public access, although can be viewed from nearby footpath and road.

Hastings Castle, Sussex Owned by: Hastings Corporation The first new fortification that William of Normandy ordered to be built immediately after landing in England inHastings was originally a timber and earth, motte and bailey castle.

Built close to the shoreline, William ordered that it should be rebuilt in stone in Less than half a century after King Henry III has refortified it inviolent storms eroded much of the soft sandstone cliffs that the castle had been built upon. Centuries of continued erosion has seen large section of the castle lost to the sea. Built in the late 11th or early 12th century by Aubrey de Vere, this Norman motte and bailey castle was the stronghold of the de Vere family for years.

The castle was besieged twice, in an during the dispute between King John and the rebel barons. While Hedingham remains a family home, the keep and grounds are open to the public.

It also operates as a venue for a range of events. Originally constructed in wood around by Walter Espec, who was also responsible for the founding of nearby Rievaulx Abbey, the castle was rebuilt in stone by Robert de Roos at the beginning of the 13th century. Helmsley was again remodelled into a more comfortable residence by the Manners family during the 16th century. Besieged by Parliamentary troops for three months inthe garrison finally surrendered and so it became home to the Duke of Buckingham and his wife, the daughter of Thomas Fairfax, the Parliamentary commander.

Restored in the early s, it is now home to the Bader International Study Centre, Canada, and whilst the castle is not open to the public, guided tours can be arranged.

Restricted opening times to the castle grounds and entrance charges apply. With parts dating back toit was in the early s that the Bullen family bought the castle and added a Tudor dwelling within its walls.

Guests have the opportunity to visit the historic Castle and award winning gardens. There is also a hole championship golf course. The circular stone tower strengthened by semi-circular bastions was completed by the end of to guard the narrow entrance to the Solent and the approaches to Southampton. Originally constructed from wood by the Hylton Hilton family shortly after the Norman Conquest ofthis fortified manor house was rebuilt in stone around The castle remained the principal seat of the Hylton family until the death of the last baron in The only remaining part of the castle is the gatehouse tower, which is richly decorated with coats of arms and other heraldic devices.

Built around as the home of the barons of Kendal, the castle later became home to Parr family. Although the Parrs occupied Kendal for four centuries, the family had long since deserted the castle by the time Catherine Parr, the sixth and final queen of Henry VIII, was born. The building was already a ruin in Tudor times; however some imposing stonework still remains.

Perhaps best known as the home of Robert Dudley, the love of Queen Elizabeth I, who in created this semi-royal palace in order to impress his Queen.

Kenilworth was actually founded around by Geoffrey de Clinton, Chamberlain to Henry I, who constructed the strong central keep.

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By damming and diverting local streams, huge water defences were added. In the centuries that followed, vast sums of money were spent to transform the medieval castle into a palace fortress. InKenilworth was partly destroyed and the moat drained by Parliamentary forces to prevent it being used as a military stronghold again. Although parts of the original Tudor manor house can still be seen, the majority of the castle was built between and Today the castle houses Kimbolton School, and has a limited number of public opening dates.

Originally built during the reign of Henry I between an the Tudor manor house that now occupies the site was home to the powerful Vaughan family. It was Roger Vaughan who rebuilt the Norman castle between and The castle is open for guided tours on certain days during the summer months.

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The remains of this moated 15th century castle were left unfinished when its owner was executed for treason. The owner was William, 1st Baron Hastings, who began building the castle in during the Wars of the Roses. Building work stopped abruptly in when William was executed for treason by Richard III and it was never completed. Parts of the castle were occupied by remaining members of the Hastings family, but by the 16th century the site lay in ruin.

The resulting castle was all but destroyed by the Scots in led by Robert the Bruce, but was rebuilt just 3 years later. Completely remodelled and extended during the late 15th century, the site extended to 3-acres surrounded by a massive curtain wall, complete with drawbridge and moat. Although the castle was partially dismantled during 17th century, the northern tower still stands some 20 metres tall enclosed by the moat.

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The castle is now in a ruined and dangerous state, and is best viewed from the safety of the public footpath that runs adjacent to the site. The gatehouse is all that remains of the once sprawling Kirtling Hall, a converted castle set in the Cambridgeshire countryside. The history of the original castle dates back toand over the centuries numerous additions were added.

By the castle had fallen into decline. The surviving gatehouse is surrounded by a moat, formal gardens and parkland.

Restricted opening times and admission fees apply. Strategically set at the top of a large cliff offering commanding views of the River Nidd, the first castle was erected shortly after the Norman Conquest of England. This was later reinforced by King Henry I, and following the murder of Thomas Becket inHugh de Moreville and his fellow assassins took refuge in his Knaresborough Castle. Viewed as an important northern fortress by English royalty King John, Edward I and Edward II all lavished funds on strengthening and improving its defences.

Like most other castles across the country, Knaresborough met its end following the Civil War, when in it was blown up, or slighted, on the orders of Parliament to prevent any future use as a military structure.

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Occupying the site of a former Roman fort overlooking a crossing of the River Lune, a wooden Saxon fort was demolished in order to make way for this Norman castle, built around by Roger de Poitou. Inand again ininvading Scots attacked and burned Lancaster, damaging but not taking the castle. The castle did not see military action again until the English Civil War when it changed hands several times before being slighted.

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Parts of the castle used for the gaol and courts were spared. Still used as a Crown Court, guided tours of the building take place on a daily basis. Admission fees apply. Set on a large natural mound controlling the strategic crossing of the River Tamar, a wooden motte and bailey castle was erected shortly after the Norman Conquest, possibly as early as The castle was used for many years as an assizes and gaol. It was in however when the castle became the property of King Edward I, that it saw significant investment.

As his favoured residence, Edward greatly enhanced its defences and created the lake which surrounds the castle. Guests at the Stable Courtyard have years of history and acres of beautiful parkland on their doorstep. There are 16 bright, traditional bedrooms each with a Freeview TV, free Wi-Fi, and a full private bathroom. Built by William de Warenne aroun the first fortification on the site was a wooden keep which was later converted to stone.

Extremely unusual for a Norman motte and bailey castle, it was built with two mottes. Standing at the highest point of Lewes, the castle comprises a keep with octagonal towers and a particularly fine example of a 14th century barbican. A museum in Barbican House relays the history of the castle and town. Constructed by order of William the Conqueror on the site of a pre-existing Roman fortress, the castle was started injust two years after the Norman Conquest.

One of the first structures on the site was the Lucy Tower motte and bailey, to which another motte and stone walls were added early in the 12th century. The outer bailey stretched around the entire medieval city of Lincoln. Still home to the Crown Courts, the castle is open to the public as a museum and displays an original copy of the Magna Carta.

Converted by Arts and Crafts architect Edward Lutyens inthis former holiday home began life as a Tudor fort. Between an Elizabeth I ated and strengthened the defences by adding new gun platforms. The need for a castle declined when James I came to power and combined the Scottish and English thrones. Longthorpe Tower, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire Owned by: English Heritage 14th-century tower famous for its medieval murals.

This 14th century, three storey tower was built by Robert Thorpe as an extension to an existing fortified manor house. Famous for its set of medieval wall paintings, dating from aroun which depict religious, secular and moral themes.

Whitewashed over at the time of the Reformation they remained hidden until being rediscovered in the s. Originally constructed from wood around by Hugh de Lacy, the castle was perched on top of a man-made motte, or mound, possibly Iron Age in origin. The Laceys, like many other powerful families in the Welsh Marches, were medieval warlords.

With the 'new' castle dating from at least , the 'old' castle is presumed to have been in existence before and would have been an earth and timber structure. The modern area also includes the Bridgend campus of Bridgend College. Electoral ward. The Oldcastle electoral ward extends south to include the areas of Whiterock and Hernston. Aug 23,   The ruined Norman castle, which was begun by William the Conqueror in , is one of the most ancient in Britain. The castle became a ruin in the 17th century after it was constructed as one of the three royal castles in Kent in the reign of Henry I . Dating back to the year , an impressive castle to restore., Monteriggioni, Tuscany, Italy is a 19,ft 2 Monteriggioni luxury House listed for sale Asking Price 2, EUR.

InHenry IV refortified the defences following attacks led by the Welsh chieftain Owain Glyndwr; however by the s it seems to have fallen out of use altogether. Just 10 miles from prehistoric Stonehenge, this medieval fortress was built in the late 11th century by Edward of Salisbury, Sheriff of Wiltshire.

Set within two adjacent enclosures, the castle is surrounded by earthwork banks and ditches.

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In King John strengthened the castle and improved the living quarters. The castle gradually fell out of use, and by many of the buildings had been pulled down, the crumbling tower kept as a garden feature. Originally built to control the troubled Welsh Borders, the first fortress was built shortly after the Norman Conquest of England. Passing down through generations of the influential de Lacy family, it was transformed into a magnificent palace for Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, then the most powerful man in England.

Ludlow became Crown property inand under the ownership of Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York, it became a major base in the Wars of the Roses. It later became a royal palace and brief home to the Princes in the Tower before they were taken to the Tower of London. In when the seat of administration for Wales and the Marches moved to London, the castle was abandoned and quickly fell into ruin. The medieval castle was actually a courtroom and prison, and was originally built about taking the form of a freestanding tower at least two storeys high.

Totally rebuilt in the 13th century, this involved digging a ditch around the tower and piling up the soil to the level of the ground floor. The upper storeys were completely rebuilt to form a small keep and the interior of the old prison was filled in. Mention must also be made to the Saxon town defences to the north of the village. Built by Robert Fitzrandolph aroun this early motte and bailey castle came into the hands of the powerful Neville family in Following the Battle of Barnett init was seized by the crown.

The castle was finally slighted made unusable during the English Civil War. Only the keep and castle walls survive as testament to how imposing this mighty royal fortress must have been. Over the next few hundred years, the castle changed hands between the English and Scots as the latter fought for independence. In the early 14th century, when it had been commandeered by the notorious kidnapper Sir Gilbert de Middleton, the castle was badly damaged and never rebuilt.

Stones from the ruins were removed for other structures, including the nearby manor house which became the second seat for the Mitford family in the 16th century prior to the establishment of Mitford Hall in That early structure was demolished inand a second castle was built on the same site in the early 14th century. Today, sections of the curtain wall remain intact as well as the restored gatehouse. The Landmark Trust also opens the gatehouse to the public on certain days each year.

The remainder of the castle is free and open access. Built by Roger de Poitou shortly after the Norman conquest of England, initially this early motte and bailey type fortification included an earthen mound topped by a wooden palisade.

Normally constructed to control strategic crossings and approaches, this castle enjoys excellent views over the valley to the River Stour. Modern wooden stairs now enable visitors to access to the motte, which is free and open access at any reasonable time. The oldest part of the castle is the pele tower, which dates from the early s. Pele towers were fortified homes, built as a refuge from attack, commonly found along the troubled border region between England and Scotland.

The tower was gradually added to and altered over the years, becoming the comfortable family home that it is now. Restricted opening times and entrance charges apply to the castle, gardens and Owl Centre. Dating from the 13th century, the fortified castle has been transformed and adapted over centuries to residential use. Now a private family home, the castle is only available to hire for exclusive events and is not open to the public.

Nether Stowey Castle StoweySomerset Scheduled Ancient Monument Thought to have been built by Alfred of Spain, the Norman Lord Stowey, sometime in the 11th century, the earthwork remains of this motte and bailey castle once boasted a 10 m square stone and timber keep atop its substantial earthen defences.

Possibly as act of revenge following the Second Cornish Uprising ofwhere thousands of West Country rebels marched on London, the castle was laid waste.

Free and open access. Founded in the midth century by Alexander Bishop of Lincoln, the original timber castle was rebuilt in stone towards the end of the century. Following the English Civil War the castle was slighted and left derelict. Some restoration of the buildings began in the s. Restricted opening hours and entrance charges apply. Commanding a vital ford over the River Tweed, the castle was founded by Ranulf Flambard, Bishop of Durham, who gave orders for its construction in to protect his property from Scottish raids.

In the centuries that followed Norham was transformed into one of the most powerful border castles; it was besieged at least 13 times, once for nearly a year by Robert Bruce. It withstood all that was thrown against it except the last; in King James IV of Scotland battered the castle into submission using heavy cannon, shortly before his defeat at Flodden.

Free and open access at any reasonable time. Intent on subjugating East Anglia, William the Conqueror ordered the first motte and bailey castle built in The stone keep which stands today, was built some 60 years later.

Used as a gaol between an the castle was bought by the city of Norwich to be used as a museum. Built in the late 14th century by Sir John Delamare using the fortune he made as a soldier fighting in the Hundred Years War with France.

Ironically, the architectural style that he adopted for Nunney appears to have been borrowed from the French castles he had undoubtedly besieged and destroyed. Constructed between an by Walchelin de Ferriers, Lord of the Manor of Oakham who left shortly afterwards to go on Crusade with Richard the Lionheart. The Great Hall is all that remains of the early medieval fortified manor house, although in its heyday it did feature a curtain wall, gatehouse with drawbridge, towers and a moat.

Now recognised as one of the best examples of domestic Norman architecture in England, it is also famous for its huge collection of horseshoes. Built by Baldwin FitzGilbert shortly after the Norman conquest of England, this early motte and bailey type fortification was constructed to control strategic crossings and approaches; the castle guards a crossing point across the West Okement River. Used as a fortification until the late 13th century, when its owners the de Courtenays became the Earls of Devon and redeveloped the castle as a luxurious hunting lodge.

Although heavily involved in the 15th century Wars of the Roses, the castle remained in good condition until Henry VII had Henry Courtenay executed in Thereafter it was abandoned and gradually fell into ruin, although the central keep still sits proudly atop its motte. Showing evidence of human habitation dating back to BC, Old Sarum was originally a huge oval shaped Iron Age hill fort protected by equally massive banks and ditches. Then occupied by the Romans, it became the town of Sorviodunum.

The Saxons used the site for protection against Vikings raiders, and the Normans added a stone curtain wall and built a castle atop. King Henry I added a royal palace and a Norman cathedral was constructed toward western end of the mound. Inthe cathedral was demolished in favour of a new one built closer to the river, then called New Salisbury or New Sarum.

The castle comprises a five-sided tower around a central courtyard and in its day was one of the grandest, most innovative homes in England. The castle was later remodelled as an Elizabethan manor by the Arundell family. Wardour suffered badly during the English Civil War, blown up by both sides. The Arundell family ended up building New Wardour Castle to replace it in The remains of the Old Castle were integrated into the surrounding parkland as a romantic ruin feature.

With views over Orford Ness, the castle was built between and by King Henry II to consolidate royal power in the region and to act as a coastal defence. Not an easy time to be the king of England, powerful nobles were challenging the authority of the crown.

Orford is built to a keep and bailey plan, with a strong central keep surrounded by a curtain wall. The outer curtain wall has all but disappeared; the central tower keep however, is very much intact and stands tall beside the pretty town and former port which Henry II also developed here. The circular stone tower enclosed by a lower curtain wall was completed into guard the entrance to the River Fal. Induring the English Civil War, the castle withstood a five-month siege before finally surrendering to Parliamentary forces, the last Royalist position in the west of England to fall.

According to local legend the castle was built by Uther Pendragon, father of King Arthur, although there appears to be no evidence of any pre-Norman use of the site.

Are Castle (pronounced "Ahr-er", German: Burg Are) is the ruin of a hill castle that stands at a height of m above sea level (NHN) above the village of Altenahr in the German state of benjamingaleschreck.com was built around by Count Dietrich I of Are and is first recorded in Since the Are Gymnasium - a local grammar school - in Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler has borne the Height: m above sea level (NHN). Oct 13,   If you can't figure it out, maybe some of the gurus might chime in with some thoughts. Or, maybe you could post some pictures. Den REMINGTON SHOTGUN SERIAL NUMBER STRUCTURE M/ LETTER PREFIX TO APPROX NO SERIAL NUMBER PREFIX TO PRESENT: LETTERS USED (IN SEQUENCE) S, T, V, W, X, A, B, C, D . Jul 08,   The view from Caldicot Castle, an extensive stone medieval castle dating back to around AD, makes it worth the visit alone, surrounded by acres of beautiful grounds with tranquil gardens in south-east Wales.

Indeed the castle was built in the 12th century by Ranulph de Meschines, as a fortified pele or tower house. Later it passed into the ownership of Sir Hugh de Morville, one of the four knights who murdered St Thomas Becket in Attacked by Scottish raiding parties on at least two occasions between an the latter raid rendering it uninhabitable.

Rebuilt in by Lady Anne Clifford, it quickly fell back into ruin after she died. Although located on private land, the castle is accessible at any reasonable time. The oldest part of the castle is the pele tower, which dates from the late s. However by the late s, the castle was in a sad state of repair and was dismantled after the English Civil War. The Roman fort of Anderitum was built during the 3rd century to protect the southern coastline of Britain from Saxon raiders.

And it was a descendant of those Saxon raiders, Harold Godwinson, King Harold II, who in the summer of waited in the fort with his English army for the impending invasion of Duke William of Normandy. Shortly after the Conquest a full-scale Norman castle, with a great square keep and a powerful gatehouse, was built within the Roman fort.

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The castle was besieged in the Rebellion of and again later during a period of civil war known as The Anarchy. It survived yet another siege in and remained in use throughout the Late Middle Ages, before falling into disrepair in the centuries that followed.

Set high on a hill above the village of Castleton the stronghold, formerly known as Peak Castle, was built by William Peveril aroun shortly after the Norman Conquest of England.

The original wooden fortress was soon rebuilt in stone and was used in for a meeting between Henry I and King Malcolm of Scotland. The castle gradually fell into disuse after the 14th century. First constructed as a Norman timber and earth motte and bailey castle aroun this was rebuilt in stone between an with later fortifications added in the 11th and 12th centuries.

The castle remains are particularly well-preserved as it was one of only a few fortifications which were largely unaffected by the 13th century Wars of the Roses and the English Civil War of the 17th century. Replacing an earlier wooden tower, the Abbot of Furness constructed his stone motte and bailey castle on the south-eastern point of Piel Island aroun to guard the deep-water harbour of Barrow-in-Furness against pirates and Scottish raiders.

The castle also allowed the monks to monitor the traffic passing through Piel Harbour on its way to their holdings in Ireland and the Isle of Man. First constructed as a Norman timber and earth motte and bailey castle by Ilbert de Lacy aroun this was rebuilt in stone shortly after.

In the 12th century, the de Lacy family failed to support King Henry I during his power struggle with his brother and as a result the castle passed to the crown. Pontefract is best known as the place where Richard II died, probably murdered, in One of the most important fortresses in the north, the castle housed a royalist garrison in the English Civil War and was eventually destroyed by Parliamentarians after Normally free admission to the castle grounds and visitors centre.

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Possibly home to the Roman fleet that defended Britain, when the fort was abandoned it eventually found use as a high-status Saxon residence. In the medieval period King Henry I added to the defences, and Richard II built a series of domestic quarters, including a great hall and kitchens.

The castle passed out of royal control in when Charles I sold it and was last used in the 19th century as a gaol for over 7, French prisoners. The low-profile fortress, built of white Portland stone was completed in to guard Portland and Weymouth Harbour. The castle experienced its only real action during the English Civil War ; as a Royalist stronghold it was captured and recaptured several times.

Built in the late 14th century and early 15th century, Powderham Castle was badly damaged during the Civil War although it was repaired in the early 18th century by Sir William Courtenay. Further additions to the castle were made in the 18th and 19th centuries, and in it was classified as a Grade I listed building. Open to visitors during the summer months, entrance fees apply.

Constructed shortly after the Norman Conquest of England, the original motte and bailey fortification was started sometime in the midth century, to guard a ford across the River Tyne. Inand again inWilliam the Lion of Scotland invaded to claim the earldom of Northumberland; on both occasions the castle withstood his attacks. Unlike many similar medieval castles which fell into ruin when their defensive use faded, Prudhoe was continuously occupied and even refurbished to provide a comfortable stately home.

Built by the powerful Nevill family in the 14th Century, this imposing fortress comprised a curtain wall with eight substantial towers surrounding a central keep, all accessed by a narrow path over the moat.

Raby remained in the Nevill family until when following the failure of the Rising of the North, the castle and its lands were forfeited to the Crown.

Restricted opening times and entrance charges apply to the castle, park and gardens. Built by Swein, son of Robert FitzWimarc shortly after the Norman conquest of England, this early motte and bailey type fortification included an earthen mound topped by a wooden palisade.

Built shortly after the Norman conquest of England, initially this early motte and bailey type fortification included an earthen mound topped by a wooden palisade. Normally constructed to control strategic crossings and approaches, this castle overlooks the River Fowey.

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Later rebuilt in stone, Restormel is unusual in that it has a perfectly circular shell keep. Once a luxurious residence of the Earl of Cornwall, it became ruined in the years after the English Civil War. Built shortly after the Norman Conquest, the original castle was started around Built to control strategic crossings and approaches, this castle commands extensive views over the Yorkshire Dales and the River Swale.

Originally built to subdue the unruly Saxon North of England, it was rebuilt and strengthened over the century that followed using honey-coloured sandstone, and grew to become one of the greatest Norman fortresses in Britain.

As a castle however, Richmond had fallen out of use by the end of the 14th century. Strategically placed alongside the London Road and guarding an important crossing of the River Medway, this imposing Norman castle was built on the site of an earlier Roman fort. Using local Kentish ragstone, the tower-keep was built around by William of Corbeil, Archbishop of Canterbury, and still stands feet high. Held by rebel barons, the castle endured an epic siege by King John in The desperate defenders held on for another two months before being starved out.

Standing on high ground with clear views of the Welland Valley, the highly defensible site on which the castle stands has been used from the Iron Age, through Roman times and all the way through to the Medieval Period. The first wooden motte and bailey structure built shortly after the Norman Invasion of England was quickly replaced with a stone castle. Restricted opening times and entrance charges apply to both the house and garden.

Thought to have been built on a much earlier motte and bailey, some parts of Rose Castle still date back to the 14th century although most of structure is from the s and s. The castle was also the home of the bishops of Carlisle from to Closed to the public. Built on a rocky promontory on the Isle of Portland, it is possible that the first castle on this site was built for William II, who was called Rufus due to his red hair.

Rebuilt in the 15th century, much of what remains today dates from this time. The Ypres Tower was erected to provide such support. Although the sea has long since retreated, Rye was once one of the largest and most important harbours in the country.

Ypres Tower now houses one of the two sites of Rye Castle Museum. Built by William Fitz Baderon aroun the first earth and wooden motte and bailey fortress was replaced by a foot tall stone keep sometime in the late 12th century.

Further extended and strengthened throughout the 13th century, the castle became a favourite hunting lodge of King John. Transformed in the 20th century, it was turned into a Youth Hostel. Free and open access at any reasonable time during summer months. One of a pair, this small two-storey Device fort was completed in to guard Fowey Harbour. Garrisoned by Royalist troops during the first part of the English Civil Warit was in ruins by Pressed into service yet again during the s, it was abandoned by the end of that century.

Built between an it guarded the important anchorage of Carrick Roads. Not designed to defend against a land attack, it was easily taken by Parliamentary forces during the English Civil War in The site of a monastery between the 8th and early 11th centuries, it became a destination for pilgrims. In during the War of the Roses, the Earl of Oxford held the island under siege for 23 weeks.

The island can be visited by boat, or at low tide via a long causeway from the mainland. Sited to control strategic crossings and approaches, the castle commands extensive views over the River Calder. Originally built to subdue the unruly Saxon North of England, it was rebuilt and strengthened during the 13th century using local stone.

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The castle is best known for the famous Battle of Wakefield which was fought nearby during the Wars of the Roses in Richard, Duke of York was killed in the battle. In the s during the English Civil War, the castle was besieged twice by Parliamentary forces and later stripped of its defences. Scaleby Castle, Cumbria Owned by: Privately owned Built in and extended a century later, Scaleby Castle was once enclosed by a double moat although only the outer moat remains.

As with many of the English castles, Scaleby was badly damaged during the Civil War and was set on fire by Parliamentary forces. Since then it has been restored twice and is now a grade I listed building under private ownership. On a site previously fortified by the Romans, Saxons, and Vikings, the original Norman wooden castle was built in the s. Sited to control strategic crossings and approaches, the castle commands extensive views over the North Sea.

Originally built to subdue the unruly Saxon North of England, it was rebuilt and strengthened from onwards using local stone. Over the centuries, structures were added and reinforced with medieval monarchs investing heavily in order to guard the Yorkshire coastline from the threat of Scottish and overseas invasion. Peace with Scotland and the end of the continental wars led to the decline of the fortress in the 17th century.

The castle has been a ruin since the sieges of the English Civil War, between and Construction of the castle began around Originally built as a fortified house with towers in each corner, it was rebuilt in Elizabethan style in and again in The Catholic Darrell family, who owned the estate for some years, hid Jesuit priests who were preaching at a time when Catholicism was illegal in England.

When the new country house was built inthe old castle was left ruined as a romantic garden feature. The old castle, now in the grounds of the Tudor mansion, was built as the fortified palace of Roger de Caen, Bishop of Salisbury, in the 12th century.

During the English Civil War Sherborne was a Royalist stronghold, and following an eleven day siege inthe old castle was left in ruins by Parliamentary forces under the command of General Fairfax.

The oldest parts of the castle were built by the 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, Roger de Montgomery, shortly after the Norman Conquest. Montgomery was also responsible for founding the great Benedictine Abbey across the River Severn. Around during his conflicts with the Welsh, Edward I greatly enlarged the castle, but it gradually fell into disuse following his invasion of Wales.

In the 18th century, the eminent engineer Thomas Telford remodelled the castle interiors to serve as a private house, and in it was acquired by the Corporation of Shrewsbury. Built shortly after the Norman conquest of England by Drogo de la Bouerer, this early motte and bailey type fortification included an earthen mound topped by a wooden palisade.

Normally constructed to control strategic crossings and approaches, it is likely that the castle commanded a route across the marshy ground. Originally built to subdue the unruly Saxon North of England, it also served to protect the coastline from Viking raids. The original earth and wood motte and bailey fortification built in by Robert de Romille was rebuilt in stone shortly after to withstand attacks from raiding Scots. InEdward II granted the castle to Robert Clifford who ordered many improvements to the fortifications.

After the siege, Lady Anne Clifford ordered the necessary repairs to the castle. Local legend has it that during the siege the castle walls were draped with sheep fleeces to deaden the impact from incoming cannon fire.

Building started inon the orders of Sir John Wenlock.

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This castle is strictly speaking a fortified manor house, and is regarded as one of the first brick buildings in England.

Partially demolished in the s, much of the original brickwork can still be seen in the gatehouse. All that remains of the original house is a set of earthworks. Open all year, free entrance.

King John II of France was imprisoned in the castle between and after being taken prisoner at the Battle of Poitiers. Some prominent earthworks still enclose the site, including parts of the moat and parts of the castle walls have been incorporated into the present farmhouse.

Access in unclear. Built by Henry de Percy in the early 14th century, it was further expanded later in the 14th and 15th centuries to the layout that exists today. The castle was damaged during the Wars of the Roses, but was later rebuilt in Suffering further damage during the English Civil War ofit lapsed into ruin. Built by Odo Fitzhubert, Bishop of Bayeux shortly after the Norman conquest of England, the first fortification on the site was a wooden keep which was later converted to stone.

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Normally constructed to control strategic crossings and approaches, this castle stands atop a tall mound controlling the Roman road that runs from Maidstone to the coast. Although the site has been fortified since Anglo-Saxon times, the current Norman motte and bailey castle dates from the 11th century.

Added to and extended over the centuries, it includes a keep with a 12th century gate tower, a 13th century three storey residential north range, a 17th century Jacobean south range, all linked by an oak timbered Great Hall dating from the 15th century.

During the English Civil War, the castle was captured by parliamentary forces after a brief siege. Between the 17th and 19th centuries, the castle had several different owners before being bought at auction by Tamworth Corporation. It opened as a museum in Restricted summer opening times and entrance charges apply. Erected on top of an earlier Iron Age hillfort, the first castle on the site was built aroun immediately following the Norman Conquest of England.

The second much larger motte and bailey castle was built during the turbulent civil war between followers of King Stephen and Queen Matilda during the midth century. This castle was destroyed in by Henry II, although the huge motte, the second largest man-made mound in England, remained intact.

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Now part of a local park, there is free and open access at any reasonable time. The home of the Thirlwall family, it was further fortified around by John Thirlwall. The castle fell into disrepair in the 17th century. Although the site appears to have been occupied during the Iron Age, Roman and Saxon periods, the current motte and bailey fortification may have been built by King Stephen during his 12th century civil war with Empress Maud, known as The Anarchy.

The motte or mound is unusual in that it has a top platform on two levels. Although surrounded by more ancient remains, it is thought that the current castle was the work of Richard, Earl of Cornwall brother to King Henry III. Richard owned the site from aboutwhich ties in with the age of the structure.

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It appears that the castle was not in use for long as the hall was roofless by the midth century. The site was in use long before the castle was erected with evidence of mining from Roman times; by the 5th century Tintagel was a stronghold of Cornish kings. The early earth and timber motte and bailey castle was rebuilt in stone in the 13th century, when it was listed as the stronghold of Sir Paulinus Pegure.

Records from refer to the site as Conger Hill, a likely reference to the motte being used as a rabbit warren. Well preserved remains of motte and bailey gatehouse. Built by Richard Fitz Gilbert shortly after the Norman Conquest of England, initially this early motte and bailey type fortification included an earthen mound topped by a wooden palisade. Normally constructed to control strategic points and approaches, the castle guards the crossing of the River Medway.

In the castle was besieged by King William II. After holding out for two days it fell; the king retaliated by burning both the castle and the town to the ground. Rebuilt in stone some years later by the de Clare family, the castle was further reinforced during the 13th century, and in a stone wall was built around the town. The castle stood empty between the 16th and the late 18th century. The site was purchased by the local council inwho have carried out an extensive programme of restoration.

Built by the Breton, Juhel of Totnes, shortly after the Norman Conquest of England, this early motte and bailey type fortification included an earthen mound topped by a wooden palisade.

Normally constructed to control strategic crossings and sites, the castle occupies a commanding position guarding the approach to three valleys. Extensive remodelling in the 13th and 14th centuries created a circular stone keep atop the motte, surrounded by a curtain wall.

Following the Wars of the Roses the castle fell into disrepair. This castle unusually features two baileys rather than the more traditional single bailey design.

As with most motte and bailey castles, all that remains today is a set of earthworks. The earliest written reference to Totternhoe Castle is from between an although recent evidence suggests that a much older Roman camp and Iron Age fort may have existed on the site. Victorious at the Battle of Hastings on 14th Octoberthe invading William the Conqueror spent the rest of the year fortifying key strategic positions across southern England.

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At the time, London was the largest town in England and centre of governance with a prosperous port. The Normans needed to establish control over the settlement and demonstrate their dominance; hence the Tower of London was begun. Integrating the existing Roman town walls into its structure, the earliest phase would have been enclosed by a ditch and defended by a timber palisade, with accommodation for William.

Most of the early Norman castles were constructed in wood, but by the end of the 11th century many had been rebuilt using stone. Started inthe White Tower was the earliest stone keep to be built in England. Since then the tower has been used as a home for kings and queens, a royal mint, treasury, prison and royal zoo. Today it houses the Crown Jewels and the Royal Ravens. Triermain Castle, Cumbria Fragmentary remains of a 14th century castle.

Surprisingly this exposed piece of gatehouse masonry is still almost at its original height! Seat of the de Ferrers family, the early motte and bailey castle was first recorded inshortly after the Norman Conquest of England.

Mary Queen of Scots, was imprisoned at Tutbury during the 16th century. Destroyed and rebuilt several times over the centuries, it suffered further damage during the English Civil War ofand lapsed into ruin. Open for private bookings and events. Restricted opening times to the public during summer months. The burial place of three kings, the moated castle-towers, gatehouse and keep are integrated within the ruins of a Benedictine priory.

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Little is known of the early history of the site, however the priory was founded early in the 7th century. InOswin, king of Deira was murdered and his body was brought to Tynemouth for burial, the first of three kings to be buried at Tynemouth.

Destroyed in a Danish raid, a new monastery based on the Benedictine discipline was established in aboutwhich lasted until it was dissolved by Henry VIII. Inthe site was transformed into a royal castle with gun emplacements built to counter the threat of Spanish invasion. This rare example of an Elizabethan artillery fort was begun in to protect the Royal Navy warships being built and repaired at Chatham dockyards on the River Medway.



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